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Comparison of Trendelenburg Angles in Vaginal, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Uterovaginal Apical Prolapse Repairs

Published:April 11, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2021.04.001

      ABSTRACT

      Study Objective

      To compare the Trendelenburg angle used in laparoscopic uterovaginal apical prolapse repairs with the angles used in vaginal and robotic uterovaginal apical prolapse repairs.

      Design

      Prospective, multicenter cohort study from May 2015 to December 2016.

      Setting

      Two academic teaching hospitals.

      Patients

      Sixty patients who underwent vaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension, laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, or robotic sacrocolpopexy performed by 6 surgeons board-certified in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery.

      Interventions

      Measurement of Trendelenburg angle and time spent in Trendelenburg during surgery.

      Measurements and Main Results

      Twenty patients were enrolled in each procedure group. The median maximum angle of Trendelenburg was significantly greater in the laparoscopic group (22° [20–25]) than in the vaginal group (15° [6–19]; p <.001) and the robotic group (19° [16–21]; p = .02). The participants in the laparoscopic group spent significantly more time overall in Trendelenburg (176 minutes [143–221]) than those in the robotic group (150 minutes [127–161]; p = .01) and those in the vaginal group (120 minutes [86–128]; p <.001). The participants in the laparoscopic and robotic groups spent similar amounts of time in maximum Trendelenburg (116 minutes [52–164] and 117 minutes [61–134], respectively; p = .56), whereas the participants in the vaginal group spent significantly less time in maximum Trendelenburg (10 minutes [7–38]) than those in the laparoscopic group (p <.001). The total median operative time was highest for the laparoscopic approach (211 minutes [173–270]), followed by the robotic approach (181 minutes [165–201]) and the vaginal approach (162 minutes [128–186]; p = .008).

      Conclusion

      The median maximum angle of Trendelenburg was highest in laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy—followed by robotic sacrocolpopexy—and lowest in vaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension. Patients who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy spent less time in Trendelenburg than those who underwent the laparoscopic approach. Prolonged, steep Trendelenburg is often not required for any of the 3 surgical procedures, but a vaginal approach should be considered for those at high risk of complications from Trendelenburg position.

      Keywords

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